Rabu, 08 Februari 2012

Gamelan is a Javanese Traditional Music

Gamelan  is Javanese musical ensemble that usually highlight metallophone, xylophone, drums, and gongs. Music that is created in the Javanese gamelan gong sound comes from the alloy, kenong and other Javanese musical instruments. Rhythm of the music is generally soft and reflects the harmony of life, as life principle generally adopted by the Java community.

1.  Kendang
Kendangkendhang, atau gendang is the Central Javanese gamelan instruments in which one of its main functions to set the rhythm. This instrument was rung by hand, without tools bantu.Jenis a small drum called ketipung, the medium is called drum ciblon / Kebar. Couple ketipung there is one more named drum gedhe called drum kalih. Kalih played drums on the song or the character gendhing smooth like Ketawang, gendhing kethuk kalih, and ladrang rhythm dadi. Can also be played quickly on the opening song type launch, ladrang rhythm responsibility. For there is one more puppet kendhang typical of kendhang doormat.
Mostly drums played by professional gamelan players, who have long dive into Javanese culture. Most played drums in accordance pengendang instincts, so when played by one person premises other people then will be different shades.
2.  Demung
Demung is one of the gamelan instruments including balungan family.

In one set of gamelan usually there are 2 demung, both have versions pelog and slendro. Demung produce tones with the lowest octave in balungan family, with a larger physical size. Demung have wilahan relatively thinner but wider than wilahan saron, so that it produces a lower tone. Tabuh demung usually made of wood, with a shape like a hammer, bigger and heavier than of percussion saron.
There is the usual way menabuhnya appropriate tone, the tone returns, or beating alternately between demung demung 1 and 2, to produce fabric of varying tone, but follow a certain pattern. Fast slow and weak penabuhan hard depending on the command of the drum and the type gendhingnya. In gendhing Gangsaran describing the condition of war for example, demung sounded loud and fast. In a nuanced gendhing military Gati, demung sounded slow but hard. When accompanying the song sounded softly. When being in a state of return, then beat fast and hard.
3.  Saron
Saron or commonly called ricik, is one of the gamelan instruments including balungan family.
In one set of gamelan usually have 4 saron, and all have versions pelog and slendro.Saron produce a tone one octave higher than demung, with a smaller physical size.Tabuh saron usually made of wood, with a shape like a hammer.  From left-right; saron panerus, saron barung, and demung, from STSI Surakarta
Menabuhnya there is the usual way according to the tone, the tone returns, or beating alternately between saron saron 1 and 2. Fast slow and weak penabuhan hard depending on the command of the drum and the type gendhingnya. In gendhing Gangsaran describing the condition of war for example, ricik sounded loud and fast. In a nuanced gendhing military Gati, ricik sounded slow but hard. When accompanying the song sounded softly.
In the play saron, right hand hit wilahan / sheet metal with percussion, then the left hand punch that knocked wilahan previously to eliminate the buzz is left of beating the previous tone. This technique is called memathet (root word: pathet = push)
4.  Kenong
Kenong an element pencon gamelan instruments the most obese, compared with kempul and gong that although a large but flat. Kenong is structured in the form of hardwood pangkon lined with rope, so that when struck kenong will not be swayed to one side but can swing upward, thereby producing sound. Kenong great shape to produce a low voice but loud with a distinctive timber (in the Java community ears caught sounds ning-nong, so called kenong). In a gamelan, voice kenong fill the sidelines between kempul.
5.  Slenthem
Slenthem is one of the gamelan instruments consisting of thin sheet metal width is strung with rope and stretched over the tube-tube and produce a low hum or echo that follows the tone saron, ricik, and balungan when beaten. Some have called it as a gender penembung.As with other instruments in a set of gamelan, slenthem certainly have slendro version and version pelog. Wilahan Slenthem pelog generally have a range of tones C to B, while slenthem slendro range tones C, D, E, G, A, C ‘.
6.  Gong
Gong is a well-known percussion instruments in Southeast Asia and East Asia. Gong is used for traditional musical instruments. Today not much longer like this gong artisans.
Gong which has been forged can not be determined tone. Gong tone newly formed after rinsed and cleaned. If the tone is still not fit, so that a layer of bronze gongs scraped become thinner. In South Korea also called Kkwaenggwari. But kkwaenggwari made of brass-colored metal is played in a way supported by the fifth finger and is played by being beaten a short stick. How to hold kkwaenggwari using five fingers turned out to have a special usefulness, because one finger (index finger) can be used to dampen vibration of gongs and tinkling reduce the volume produced.
7.  Gambang
Gambang is a traditional musical instrument consisting of 18 bamboo [1] who playedwith beated. This instrument is used in Gambang kromong Betawi arts.

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